CSM Operator

The Dell Container Storage Modules Operator is a Kubernetes Operator, which can be used to install and manage the CSI Drivers and CSM Modules provided by Dell for various storage platforms. This operator is available as a community operator for upstream Kubernetes and can be deployed using OperatorHub.io. The operator can be installed using OLM (Operator Lifecycle Manager) or manually.

Support Matrix

Dell CSM Operator has been tested and qualified on Upstream Kubernetes and OpenShift. Supported versions are listed below:

Kubernetes Version OpenShift Version
1.26, 1.27, 1.28 4.13, 4.14

NOTE:

  • Authorization module is only supported on Kubernetes platforms.

Supported CSM Components

The table below lists the driver and modules versions installable with the CSM Operator:

CSI Driver Version CSM Authorization CSM Replication CSM Observability CSM Resiliency
CSI PowerScale 2.9.1 ✔ 1.9.1 ✔ 1.7.1 ✔ 1.7.0 ✔ 1.8.1
CSI PowerScale 2.8.0 ✔ 1.8.0 ✔ 1.6.0 ✔ 1.6.0 ✔ 1.7.0
CSI PowerScale 2.7.0 ✔ 1.7.0 ✔ 1.5.0 ✔ 1.5.0 ✔ 1.6.0
CSI PowerFlex 2.9.1 ✔ 1.9.1 ✔ 1.7.1 ✔ 1.7.0 ✔ 1.8.1
CSI PowerFlex 2.8.0 ✔ 1.8.0 ✔ 1.6.0 ✔ 1.6.0 ✔ 1.7.0
CSI PowerFlex 2.7.0 ✔ 1.7.0 ✔ 1.5.0 ✔ 1.5.0 ✔ 1.6.0
CSI PowerStore 2.9.1 ✔ 1.8.0
CSI PowerStore 2.8.0 ✔ 1.7.0
CSI PowerStore 2.7.0 ✔ 1.6.0
CSI PowerMax 2.9.1 ✔ 1.9.1 ✔ 1.7.1 ✔ 1.7.0
CSI PowerMax 2.8.0 ✔ 1.8.0 ✔ 1.6.0 ✔ 1.6.0
CSI PowerMax 2.7.0 ✔ 1.7.0 ✔ 1.5.0
CSI Unity XT 2.9.1
CSI Unity XT 2.8.0
CSI Unity XT 2.7.0

NOTE:

  • Refer to sample files here.

Installation

Dell CSM Operator can be installed manually or via Operator Hub.

Once installed you will be able to deploy drivers and modules from the Operator.

OpenShift Installation via Operator Hub

dell-csm-operator can be installed via Operator Hub on upstream Kubernetes clusters & Red Hat OpenShift Clusters.

The installation process involves the creation of a Subscription object either via the OperatorHub UI or using kubectl/oc. While creating the Subscription you can set the Approval strategy for the InstallPlan for the operator to:

  • Automatic - If you want the operator to be automatically installed or upgraded (once an upgrade is available).
  • Manual - If you want a cluster administrator to manually review and approve the InstallPlan for installation/upgrades.

OpenShit Operator Hub CSM install

NOTE: Dell CSM Operator is distributed as both Certified & Community editions. Both editions have the same codebase and are supported by Dell Technologies, the only difference is that the Certified version is validated by RedHat. The Certified version is often released couple of days/weeks after the Community version.

Manual Installation on a cluster without OLM

  1. Install volume snapshot CRDs. For detailed snapshot setup procedure, click here.
  2. Clone and checkout the required csm-operator version using
git clone -b v1.4.2 https://github.com/dell/csm-operator.git
  1. cd csm-operator
  2. (Optional) If using a local Docker image, edit the deploy/operator.yaml file and set the image name for the CSM Operator Deployment.
  3. (Optional) If CSM Replication is planned for use and will be deployed using two clusters in an environment where the DNS is not configured, and cluster API endpoints are FQDNs, in order to resolve queries to remote API endpoints, it is necessary to edit the deploy/operator.yaml file and add the hostAliases field and associated <FQDN>:<IP> mappings to the CSM Operator Controller Manager Deployment under spec.template.spec. More information on host aliases can be found, here.
    # example config
    apiVersion: apps/v1
    kind: Deployment
    metadata:
      name: dell-csm-operator-controller-manager
    spec:
      template:
        spec:
          hostAliases:
          - hostnames:
            - "remote.FQDN"
            ip: "255.255.255.1"
    
  4. Run bash scripts/install.sh to install the operator.

NOTE: Dell CSM Operator will be installed in the dell-csm-operator namespace.

  1. Run the command to validate the installation.
kubectl get pods -n dell-csm-operator

If installed successfully, you should be able to see the operator pod in the dell-csm-operator namespace.

Offline Bundle Installation on a cluster without OLM

The csm-offline-bundle.sh script can be used to create a package usable for offline installation of Dell CSI Drivers via CSM Operator

Dependencies

Multiple Linux-based systems may be required to create and process an offline bundle for use.

  • One Linux-based system, with Internet access, will be used to create the bundle. This involves the user cloning a git repository hosted on github.com and then invoking a script that utilizes docker or podman to pull and save container images to file.
  • One Linux-based system, with access to an image registry, to invoke a script that uses docker or podman to restore container images from file and push them to a registry

If one Linux system has both Internet access and access to an internal registry, that system can be used for both steps.

Preparing an offline bundle requires the following utilities:

Dependency Usage
docker or podman docker or podman will be used to pull images from public image registries, tag them, and push them to a private registry.
One of these will be required on both the system building the offline bundle as well as the system preparing for installation.
Tested version(s) are docker 24.0.5 and podman 4.4.1
git git will be used to manually clone one of the above repositories in order to create an offline bundle.
This is only needed on the system preparing the offline bundle.
Tested version(s) are git 2.39.3 but any version should work.

Workflow

To perform an offline installation, the following steps should be performed:

  1. Build an offline bundle
  2. Unpack the offline bundle created in Step 1 and prepare for installation
  3. Perform operator installation using the files obtained after unpacking in Step 2
  4. Perform driver installation using the files obtained after unpacking in Step 2

NOTE: It is recommended to use the same build tool for packing and unpacking of images (either docker or podman).

Building an offline bundle

This needs to be performed on a Linux system with access to the Internet as a git repo will need to be cloned, and container images pulled from public registries.

To build an offline bundle, the following steps are needed:

  1. Clone and checkout the required csm-operator version using
git clone -b v1.4.2 https://github.com/dell/csm-operator.git
  1. cd csm-operator
  2. Run the csm-offline-bundle.sh script which will be found in the scripts directory with an argument of -c in order to create an offline bundle
bash scripts/csm-offline-bundle.sh -c

The script will perform the following steps:

  • Determine required images by parsing CSM Operator configuration files
  • Perform an image pull of each image required
  • Save all required images to a file by running docker save or podman save
  • Build a tar.gz file containing the images as well as files required to install the Operator and drivers.

Here is the output of a request to build an offline bundle for the Dell CSM Operator:

*
* Building image manifest file

   Processing file /root/csm-operator/operatorconfig/driverconfig/common/default.yaml
   Processing file /root/csm-operator/bundle/manifests/dell-csm-operator.clusterserviceversion.yaml

*
* Pulling and saving container images

   dellemc/csi-isilon:v2.9.1
   dellemc/csi-metadata-retriever:v1.6.1
   dellemc/csipowermax-reverseproxy:v2.8.1
   dellemc/csi-powermax:v2.9.1
   dellemc/csi-powerstore:v2.9.1
   dellemc/csi-unity:v2.9.1
   dellemc/csi-vxflexos:v2.9.1
   dellemc/csm-authorization-sidecar:v1.9.1
   dellemc/csm-metrics-powerflex:v1.7.0
   dellemc/csm-metrics-powerscale:v1.4.0
   dellemc/csm-topology:v1.7.0
   dellemc/dell-csi-replicator:v1.7.0
   dellemc/dell-replication-controller:v1.7.0
   dellemc/sdc:4.5
   docker.io/dellemc/dell-csm-operator:v1.4.2
   gcr.io/kubebuilder/kube-rbac-proxy:v0.8.0
   nginxinc/nginx-unprivileged:1.20
   otel/opentelemetry-collector:0.42.0
   registry.k8s.io/sig-storage/csi-attacher:v4.4.2
   registry.k8s.io/sig-storage/csi-external-health-monitor-controller:v0.10.0
   registry.k8s.io/sig-storage/csi-node-driver-registrar:v2.9.2
   registry.k8s.io/sig-storage/csi-provisioner:v3.6.2
   registry.k8s.io/sig-storage/csi-resizer:v1.9.2
   registry.k8s.io/sig-storage/csi-snapshotter:v6.3.2

*
* Copying necessary files

 /root/csm-operator/deploy
 /root/csm-operator/operatorconfig
 /root/csm-operator/samples
 /root/csm-operator/scripts
 /root/csm-operator/README.md
 /root/csm-operator/LICENSE

*
* Compressing release

dell-csm-operator-bundle/
dell-csm-operator-bundle/deploy/
dell-csm-operator-bundle/deploy/operator.yaml
dell-csm-operator-bundle/deploy/crds/
dell-csm-operator-bundle/deploy/crds/storage.dell.com_containerstoragemodules.yaml
dell-csm-operator-bundle/deploy/olm/
dell-csm-operator-bundle/deploy/olm/operator_community.yaml
...
...
dell-csm-operator-bundle/README.md
dell-csm-operator-bundle/LICENSE

*
* Complete

Offline bundle file is: /root/csm-operator/dell-csm-operator-bundle.tar.gz

The resulting offline bundle file can be copied to another machine, if necessary, to gain access to the desired image registry.

Unpacking the offline bundle and preparing for installation

This step needs to be performed on a Linux system with access to an image registry that will host container images. If the registry requires login, that should be done before proceeding.

To prepare for Operator installation, the following steps need to be performed:

  1. Copy the offline bundle file created from the previous step to a system with access to an image registry available to your Kubernetes/OpenShift cluster
  2. Expand the bundle file by running tar xvfz <filename>
tar xvfz dell-csm-operator-bundle.tar.gz

Here is the output of untar

dell-csm-operator-bundle/
dell-csm-operator-bundle/deploy/
dell-csm-operator-bundle/deploy/operator.yaml
dell-csm-operator-bundle/deploy/crds/
dell-csm-operator-bundle/deploy/crds/storage.dell.com_containerstoragemodules.yaml
dell-csm-operator-bundle/deploy/olm/
dell-csm-operator-bundle/deploy/olm/operator_community.yaml
...
...
dell-csm-operator-bundle/README.md
dell-csm-operator-bundle/LICENSE
  1. Run the csm-offline-bundle.sh script and supply the -p option as well as the path to the internal registry with the -r option
cd dell-csm-operator-bundle
bash scripts/csm-offline-bundle.sh -p -r localregistry:5000/dell-csm-operator/

The script will then perform the following steps:

  • Load the required container images into the local system
  • Tag the images according to the user-supplied registry information
  • Push the newly tagged images to the registry
  • Modify the Operator configuration to refer to the newly tagged/pushed images

Here is the output for preparing the bundle for installation (localregistry:5000 refers to an image registry accessible to Kubernetes/OpenShift. dell-csm-operator refers to the folder created within the registry.):

Preparing a offline bundle for installation

*
* Loading docker images

Loaded image: docker.io/dellemc/csi-powerstore:v2.9.1
Loaded image: docker.io/dellemc/csi-isilon:v2.9.1
...
...
Loaded image: registry.k8s.io/sig-storage/csi-resizer:v1.9.2
Loaded image: registry.k8s.io/sig-storage/csi-snapshotter:v6.3.2

*
* Tagging and pushing images

   dellemc/csi-isilon:v2.9.1 -> localregistry:5000/dell-csm-operator/csi-isilon:v2.9.1
   dellemc/csi-metadata-retriever:v1.6.0 -> localregistry:5000/dell-csm-operator/csi-metadata-retriever:v1.6.0
   ...
   ...
   registry.k8s.io/sig-storage/csi-resizer:v1.9.2 -> localregistry:5000/dell-csm-operator/csi-resizer:v1.9.2
   registry.k8s.io/sig-storage/csi-snapshotter:v6.3.2 -> localregistry:5000/dell-csm-operator/csi-snapshotter:v6.3.2

*
* Preparing files within /root/dell-csm-operator-bundle

   changing: dellemc/csi-isilon:v2.9.1 -> localregistry:5000/dell-csm-operator/csi-isilon:v2.9.1
   changing: dellemc/csi-metadata-retriever:v1.6.1 -> localregistry:5000/dell-csm-operator/csi-metadata-retriever:v1.6.1
   ...
   ...
   changing: registry.k8s.io/sig-storage/csi-resizer:v1.9.2 -> localregistry:5000/dell-csm-operator/csi-resizer:v1.9.2
   changing: registry.k8s.io/sig-storage/csi-snapshotter:v6.3.2 -> localregistry:5000/dell-csm-operator/csi-snapshotter:v6.3.2

*
* Complete

Perform Operator installation

Now that the required images are available and the Operator configuration updated, you can proceed to install the operator by executing install.sh script.

bash scripts/install.sh

NOTE: Dell CSM Operator would install to the ‘dell-csm-operator’ namespace by default.

Perform Driver installation

Now that the required images are available and the Operator is installed, you can proceed to install the driver by executing kubectl create -f <manifest-name>. Manifests for all the supported drivers will be available inside the samples directory. Using Unity XT as an example

kubectl create -f samples/storage_csm_unity_v280.yaml

NOTE: Offline bundle supports install of only the latest version of Dell CSI Drivers

NOTE:

  1. Offline bundle installation is only supported with manual installs i.e. without using Operator Lifecycle Manager (OLM).
  2. Install/uninstall of operator and drivers should be done using the files that are obtained after unpacking the offline bundle (dell-csm-operator-bundle.tar.gz) as that is where the image tags in the manifests are modified to point to the specified internal registry.

Uninstall

Operator uninstallation on a cluster without OLM

To uninstall a CSM operator, run bash scripts/uninstall.sh. This will uninstall the operator in dell-csm-operator namespace.

Upgrade

Dell CSM Operator

Dell CSM Operator can be upgraded in 2 ways:

  1. Using Operator Lifecycle Manager (OLM)

  2. Using script (for non-OLM based installation)

Using OLM

The upgrade of the Dell CSM Operator is done via Operator Lifecycle Manager.

The Update approval (InstallPlan in OLM terms) strategy plays a role while upgrading dell-csm-operator on OpenShift. This option can be set during installation of dell-csm-operator on OpenShift via the console and can be either set to Manual or Automatic.

  • If the Update approval is set to Automatic, OpenShift automatically detects whenever the latest version of dell-csm-operator is available in the Operator hub, and upgrades it to the latest available version.
  • If the upgrade policy is set to Manual, OpenShift notifies of an available upgrade. This notification can be viewed by the user in the Installed Operators section of the OpenShift console. Clicking on the hyperlink to Approve the installation would trigger the dell-csm-operator upgrade process.

NOTE: The recommended version of OLM for Upstream Kubernetes is v0.25.0.

Using Installation Script

  1. Clone and checkout the required csm-operator version using
git clone -b v1.4.2 https://github.com/dell/csm-operator.git
  1. cd csm-operator
  2. Execute bash scripts/install.sh --upgrade . This command will install the latest version of the operator.

NOTE: Dell CSM Operator would install to the ‘dell-csm-operator’ namespace by default.

Upgrade driver using Dell CSM Operator:

The CSI Drivers installed by the Dell CSM Operator can be updated like any Kubernetes resource.

  • Modifying the installation directly via kubectl edit
    $ kubectl get <driver-object> -n <driver-namespace>
    
    For example - If the CSI PowerStore driver is installed then run this command to get the object name
    # Replace driver-namespace with the namespace where the CSI PowerStore driver is installed
    $ kubectl get csm -n <driver-namespace>
    
    use the object name in kubectl edit command.
    $ kubectl edit csm <driver-object>/<object-name> -n <driver-namespace>
    
    For example - If the object name is powerstore then use the name as powerstore
    # Replace object-name with the powerstore
    $ kubectl edit csm powerstore -n <driver-namespace>
    
    and modify the installation. The usual fields to edit are the version of drivers, sidecars and the environment variables. The following notes explain some of the general items to take care of.

NOTE:

  1. If you are trying to upgrade the CSI driver from an older version, make sure to modify the configVersion field.
       driver:
         configVersion: v2.9.1
    

Custom Resource Definitions

As part of the Dell CSM Operator installation, a CRD representing configuration for the CSI Driver and CSM Modules is also installed. containerstoragemodule CRD is installed in API Group storage.dell.com.

Drivers and modules can be installed by creating a customResource.

Custom Resource Specification

Each CSI Driver and CSM Module installation is represented by a Custom Resource.

The specification for the Custom Resource is the same for all the drivers.Below is a list of all the mandatory and optional fields in the Custom Resource specification

Mandatory fields

configVersion - Configuration version - refer here for appropriate config version.

replicas - Number of replicas for controller plugin - must be set to 1 for all drivers.

dnsPolicy - Determines the dnsPolicy for the node daemonset. Accepted values are Default, ClusterFirst, ClusterFirstWithHostNet, None.

common - This field is mandatory and is used to specify common properties for both controller and the node plugin.

  • image - driver container image
  • imagePullPolicy - Image Pull Policy of the driver image
  • envs - List of environment variables and their values

Optional fields

controller - List of environment variables and values which are applicable only for controller.

node - List of environment variables and values which are applicable only for node.

sideCars - Specification for CSI sidecar containers.

tlsCertSecret - Name of the TLS cert secret for use by the driver. If not specified, a secret *-certs must exist in the namespace as driver.

tolerations - List of tolerations which should be applied to the driver StatefulSet/Deployment and DaemonSet. It should be set separately in the controller and node sections if you want separate set of tolerations for them.

nodeSelector - Used to specify node selectors for the driver StatefulSet/Deployment and DaemonSet.

NOTE: The image field should point to the correct image tag for version of the driver you are installing.


CSI Drivers

Installation of Dell CSI Drivers using Dell CSM Operator

CSM Modules

Installation of Dell CSM Modules using Dell CSM Operator

Troubleshooting

Troubleshooting guide for Dell CSM Operator

Release notes

Release notes for Dell Container Storage Modules Operator