CSI Driver for Dell PowerMax can be deployed by using the provided Helm v3 charts and installation scripts on both Kubernetes and OpenShift platforms. For more detailed information on the installation scripts, see the script documentation.
The controller section of the Helm chart installs the following components in a Deployment in the specified namespace:
- CSI Driver for Dell PowerMax
- Kubernetes External Provisioner, which provisions the volumes
- Kubernetes External Attacher, which attaches the volumes to the containers
- Kubernetes External Snapshotter, which provides snapshot support-
- CSI PowerMax ReverseProxy, which maximizes CSI driver and Unisphere performance
- Kubernetes External Resizer, which resizes the volume
- (optional) Kubernetes External health monitor, which provides volume health status
- (optional) Dell CSI Replicator, which provides Replication capability.
- (optional) Dell CSI Migrator, which provides migrating capability within and across arrays
- (optional) Node rescanner, which rescans the node for new data paths after migration
The node section of the Helm chart installs the following component in a DaemonSet in the specified namespace:
- CSI Driver for Dell PowerMax
- Kubernetes Node Registrar, which handles the driver registration
The following requirements must be met before installing CSI Driver for Dell PowerMax:
- Install Kubernetes or OpenShift (see supported versions)
- Install Helm 3
- Fibre Channel requirements
- iSCSI requirements
- Auto RDM for vSphere over FC requirements
- Certificate validation for Unisphere REST API calls
- Mount propagation is enabled on container runtime that is being used
- Linux multipathing requirements
- If using Snapshot feature, satisfy all Volume Snapshot requirements
- If enabling CSM for Authorization, please refer to the Authorization deployment steps first
- If using Powerpath , install the PowerPath for Linux requirements
Prerequisite for CSI Reverse Proxy
CSI PowerMax Reverse Proxy is an HTTPS server and has to be configured with an SSL certificate and a private key.
The certificate and key are provided to the proxy via a Kubernetes TLS secret (in the same namespace). The SSL certificate must be an X.509 certificate encoded in PEM format. The certificates can be obtained via a Certificate Authority or can be self-signed and generated by a tool such as openssl.
Here is an example showing how to generate a private key and use that to sign an SSL certificate using the openssl tool:
openssl genrsa -out tls.key 2048 openssl req -new -x509 -sha256 -key tls.key -out tls.crt -days 3650 kubectl create secret -n <namespace> tls revproxy-certs --cert=tls.crt --key=tls.key kubectl create secret -n <namespace> tls csirevproxy-tls-secret --cert=tls.crt -- key=tls.key
Install Helm 3
Install Helm 3 on the master node before you install CSI Driver for Dell PowerMax.
curl https://raw.githubusercontent.com/helm/helm/master/scripts/get-helm-3 | bash command to install Helm 3.
Fibre Channel Requirements
CSI Driver for Dell PowerMax supports Fibre Channel communication. Ensure that the following requirements are met before you install CSI Driver:
- Zoning of the Host Bus Adapters (HBAs) to the Fibre Channel port director must be completed.
- Ensure that the HBA WWNs (initiators) appear on the list of initiators that are logged into the array.
- If the number of volumes that will be published to nodes is high, then configure the maximum number of LUNs for your HBAs on each node. See the appropriate HBA document to configure the maximum number of LUNs.
The CSI Driver for Dell PowerMax supports iSCSI connectivity. These requirements are applicable for the nodes that use iSCSI initiator to connect to the PowerMax arrays.
Set up the iSCSI initiators as follows:
- All Kubernetes nodes must have the iscsi-initiator-utils package installed.
- Ensure that the iSCSI initiators are available on all the nodes where the driver node plugin will be installed.
- Kubernetes nodes should have access (network connectivity) to an iSCSI director on the Dell PowerMax array that has IP interfaces. Manually create IP routes for each node that connects to the Dell PowerMax if required.
- Ensure that the iSCSI initiators on the nodes are not a part of any existing Host (Initiator Group) on the Dell PowerMax array.
- The CSI Driver needs the port group names containing the required iSCSI director ports. These port groups must be set up on each Dell PowerMax array. All the port group names supplied to the driver must exist on each Dell PowerMax with the same name.
For more information about configuring iSCSI, see Dell Host Connectivity guide.
Auto RDM for vSphere over FC requirements
The CSI Driver for Dell PowerMax supports auto RDM for vSphere over FC. These requirements are applicable for the clusters deployed on ESX/ESXi using virtualized environement.
Set up the environment as follows:
Requires VMware vCenter management software to manage all ESX/ESXis where the cluster is hosted.
Add all FC array ports zoned to the ESX/ESXis to a port group where the cluster is hosted .
Add initiators from all ESX/ESXis to a host(initiator group) where the cluster is hosted.
samples/secret/vcenter-secret.yamlfile, to point to the correct namespace, and replace the values for the username and password parameters. These values can be obtained using base64 encoding as described in the following example:
echo -n "myusername" | base64 echo -n "mypassword" | base64
where myusername and mypassword are credentials for a user with vCenter privileges.
Note: Initiators from all ESX/ESXi should be part of a single host(initiator group) and not hostgroup(cascaded intitiator group).
Create the secret by running the below command,
kubectl create -f samples/secret/vcenter-secret.yaml.
Certificate validation for Unisphere REST API calls
As part of the CSI driver installation, the CSI driver requires a secret with the name powermax-certs present in the namespace powermax. This secret contains the X509 certificates of the CA which signed the Unisphere SSL certificate in PEM format. This secret is mounted as a volume in the driver container. In earlier releases, if the install script did not find the secret, it created an empty secret with the same name. From the 1.2.0 release, the secret volume has been made optional. The install script no longer attempts to create an empty secret.
The CSI driver exposes an install parameter
skipCertificateValidation which determines if the driver performs client-side verification of the Unisphere certificates. The
skipCertificateValidation parameter is set to true by default, and the driver does not verify the Unisphere certificates.
skipCertificateValidation parameter is set to false and a previous installation attempt created an empty secret, then this secret must be deleted and re-created using the CA certs.
If the Unisphere certificate is self-signed or if you are using an embedded Unisphere, then perform the following steps:
To fetch the certificate, run
openssl s_client -showcerts -connect [Unisphere IP]:8443 </dev/null 2> /dev/null | openssl x509 -outform PEM > ca_cert.pem
NOTE: The IP address varies for each user.
To create the secret, run
kubectl create secret generic powermax-certs --from-file=ca_cert.pem -n powermax
Ports in the port group
There are no restrictions to how many ports can be present in the iSCSI port groups provided to the driver.
The same applies to Fibre Channel where there are no restrictions on the number of FA directors a host HBA can be zoned to. See the best practices for host connectivity to Dell PowerMax to ensure that you have multiple paths to your data volumes.
Linux multipathing requirements
CSI Driver for Dell PowerMax supports Linux multipathing. Configure Linux multipathing before installing the CSI Driver.
Set up Linux multipathing as follows:
- All the nodes must have the Device Mapper Multipathing package installed.
NOTE: When this package is installed it creates a multipath configuration file which is located at
/etc/multipath.conf. Please ensure that this file always exists.
- Enable multipathing using
mpathconf --enable --with_multipathd y
As a best practice, use the following options to help the operating system and the mulitpathing software detect path changes efficiently:
path_grouping_policy multibus path_checker tur features "1 queue_if_no_path" path_selector "round-robin 0" no_path_retry 10
PowerPath for Linux requirements
CSI Driver for Dell PowerMax supports PowerPath for Linux. Configure Linux PowerPath before installing the CSI Driver.
Set up the PowerPath for Linux as follows:
- All the nodes must have the PowerPath package installed . Download the PowerPath archive for the environment from Dell Online Support.
Untarthe PowerPath archive, Copy the RPM package into a temporary folder and Install PowerPath using
rpm -ivh DellEMCPower.LINUX-<version>-<build>.<platform>.x86_64.rpm
- Start the PowerPath service using
systemctl start PowerPath
Note: Do not install Dell PowerPath if multi-path software is already installed, as they cannot co-exist with native multi-path software.
(Optional) Volume Snapshot Requirements
For detailed snapshot setup procedure, click here.
(Optional) Replication feature Requirements
Applicable only if you decided to enable the Replication feature in
replication: enabled: true
The CRDs for replication can be obtained and installed from the csm-replication project on Github. Use
csm-replication/deploy/replicationcrds.all.yaml located in the csm-replication git repo for the installation.
CRDs should be configured during replication prepare stage with repctl as described in install-repctl
Install the Driver
git clone -b v2.6.0 https://github.com/dell/csi-powermax.gitto clone the git repository. This will include the Helm charts and dell-csi-helm-installer scripts.
- Ensure that you have created a namespace where you want to install the driver. You can run
kubectl create namespace powermaxto create a new one
- Edit the
samples/secret/secret.yamlfile,to point to the correct namespace, and replace the values for the username and password parameters. These values can be obtained using base64 encoding as described in the following example:where myusername and mypassword are credentials for a user with PowerMax privileges.
echo -n "myusername" | base64 echo -n "mypassword" | base64
- Create the secret by running
kubectl create -f samples/secret/secret.yaml.
- Create a TLS secret with the name - csireverseproxy-tls-secret which holds an SSL certificate and the corresponding private key in the namespace where you are installing the driver.
- Copy the default values.yaml file
cd helm && cp csi-powermax/values.yaml my-powermax-settings.yaml
- Ensure the unisphere have 10.0 REST endpoint support by clicking on Unisphere -> Help (?) -> About in Unisphere for PowerMax GUI.
- Edit the newly created file and provide values for the following parameters
|global||This section refers to configuration options for both CSI PowerMax Driver and Reverse Proxy||-||-|
|defaultCredentialsSecret||This secret name refers to:
1. The Unisphere credentials if the driver is installed without proxy or with proxy in Linked mode.
2. The proxy credentials if the driver is installed with proxy in StandAlone mode.
3. The default Unisphere credentials if credentialsSecret is not specified for a management server.
|storageArrays||This section refers to the list of arrays managed by the driver and Reverse Proxy in StandAlone mode.||-||-|
|storageArrayId||This refers to PowerMax Symmetrix ID.||Yes||000000000001|
|endpoint||This refers to the URL of the Unisphere server managing storageArrayId. If authorization is enabled, endpoint should be the HTTPS localhost endpoint that the authorization sidecar will listen on||Yes if Reverse Proxy mode is StandAlone||https://primary-1.unisphe.re:8443|
|backupEndpoint||This refers to the URL of the backup Unisphere server managing storageArrayId, if Reverse Proxy is installed in StandAlone mode. If authorization is enabled, backupEndpoint should be the HTTPS localhost endpoint that the authorization sidecar will listen on||Yes||https://backup-1.unisphe.re:8443|
|managementServers||This section refers to the list of configurations for Unisphere servers managing powermax arrays.||-||-|
|endpoint||This refers to the URL of the Unisphere server. If authorization is enabled, endpoint should be the HTTPS localhost endpoint that the authorization sidecar will listen on||Yes||https://primary-1.unisphe.re:8443|
|credentialsSecret||This refers to the user credentials for endpoint||Yes||primary-1-secret|
|skipCertificateValidation||This parameter should be set to false if you want to do client-side TLS verification of Unisphere for PowerMax SSL certificates.||No||“True”|
|certSecret||The name of the secret in the same namespace containing the CA certificates of the Unisphere server||Yes, if skipCertificateValidation is set to false||Empty|
|limits||This refers to various limits for Reverse Proxy||No||-|
|maxActiveRead||This refers to the maximum concurrent READ request handled by the reverse proxy.||No||5|
|maxActiveWrite||This refers to the maximum concurrent WRITE request handled by the reverse proxy.||No||4|
|maxOutStandingRead||This refers to maximum queued READ request when reverse proxy receives more than maxActiveRead requests.||No||50|
|maxOutStandingWrite||This refers to maximum queued WRITE request when reverse proxy receives more than maxActiveWrite requests.||No||50|
|kubeletConfigDir||Specify kubelet config dir path||Yes||/var/lib/kubelet|
|imagePullPolicy||The default pull policy is IfNotPresent which causes the Kubelet to skip pulling an image if it already exists.||Yes||IfNotPresent|
|clusterPrefix||Prefix that is used during the creation of various masking-related entities (Storage Groups, Masking Views, Hosts, and Volume Identifiers) on the array. The value that you specify here must be unique. Ensure that no other CSI PowerMax driver is managing the same arrays that are configured with the same prefix. The maximum length for this prefix is three characters.||Yes||“ABC”|
|logLevel||CSI driver log level. Allowed values: “error”, “warn”/“warning”, “info”, “debug”.||Yes||“debug”|
|logFormat||CSI driver log format. Allowed values: “TEXT” or “JSON”.||Yes||“TEXT”|
|kubeletConfigDir||kubelet config directory path. Ensure that the config.yaml file is present at this path.||Yes||/var/lib/kubelet|
|defaultFsType||Used to set the default FS type for external provisioner||Yes||ext4|
|portGroups||List of comma-separated port group names. Any port group that is specified here must be present on all the arrays that the driver manages.||For iSCSI Only||“PortGroup1, PortGroup2, PortGroup3”|
|skipCertificateValidation||Skip client-side TLS verification of Unisphere certificates||No||“True”|
|transportProtocol||Set the preferred transport protocol for the Kubernetes cluster which helps the driver choose between FC and iSCSI when a node has both FC and iSCSI connectivity to a PowerMax array.||No||Empty|
|nodeNameTemplate||Used to specify a template that will be used by the driver to create Host/IG names on the PowerMax array. To use the default naming convention, leave this value empty.||No||Empty|
|modifyHostName||Change any existing host names. When nodenametemplate is set, it changes the name to the specified format else it uses driver default host name format.||No||false|
|powerMaxDebug||Enables low level and http traffic logging between the CSI driver and Unisphere. Don’t enable this unless asked to do so by the support team.||No||false|
|enableCHAP||Determine if the driver is going to configure SCSI node databases on the nodes with the CHAP credentials. If enabled, the CHAP secret must be provided in the credentials secret and set to the key “chapsecret”||No||false|
|fsGroupPolicy||Defines which FS Group policy mode to be used, Supported modes
|version||Current version of the driver. Don’t modify this value as this value will be used by the install script.||Yes||v2.3.0|
|images||Defines the container images used by the driver.||-||-|
|driverRepository||Defines the registry of the container image used for the driver.||Yes||dellemc|
|controller||Allows configuration of the controller-specific parameters.||-||-|
|controllerCount||Defines the number of csi-powerscale controller pods to deploy to the Kubernetes release||Yes||2|
|volumeNamePrefix||Defines a string prefix for the names of PersistentVolumes created||Yes||“k8s”|
|snapshot.enabled||Enable/Disable volume snapshot feature||Yes||true|
|snapshot.snapNamePrefix||Defines a string prefix for the names of the Snapshots created||Yes||“snapshot”|
|resizer.enabled||Enable/Disable volume expansion feature||Yes||true|
|healthMonitor.enabled||Allows to enable/disable volume health monitor||No||false|
|healthMonitor.interval||Interval of monitoring volume health condition||No||60s|
|nodeSelector||Define node selection constraints for pods of controller deployment||No|
|tolerations||Define tolerations for the controller deployment, if required||No|
|node||Allows configuration of the node-specific parameters.||-||-|
|tolerations||Add tolerations as per requirement||No||-|
|nodeSelector||Add node selectors as per requirement||No||-|
|healthMonitor.enabled||Allows to enable/disable volume health monitor||No||false|
|topologyControl.enabled||Allows to enable/disable topology control to filter topology keys||No||false|
|csireverseproxy||This section refers to the configuration options for CSI PowerMax Reverse Proxy||-||-|
|image||This refers to the image of the CSI Powermax Reverse Proxy container.||Yes||dellemc/csipowermax-reverseproxy:v2.4.0|
|tlsSecret||This refers to the TLS secret of the Reverse Proxy Server.||Yes||csirevproxy-tls-secret|
|deployAsSidecar||If set to true, the Reverse Proxy is installed as a sidecar to the driver’s controller pod otherwise it is installed as a separate deployment.||Yes||“True”|
|port||Specify the port number that is used by the NodePort service created by the CSI PowerMax Reverse Proxy installation||Yes||2222|
|mode||This refers to the installation mode of Reverse Proxy. It can be set to:
1. Linked: In this mode, the Reverse Proxy communicates with a primary or a backup Unisphere managing the same set of arrays.
2. StandAlone: In this mode, the Reverse Proxy communicates with multiple arrays managed by different Unispheres.
|authorization||Authorization is an optional feature to apply credential shielding of the backend PowerMax.||-||-|
|enabled||A boolean that enables/disables authorization feature.||No||false|
|sidecarProxyImage||Image for csm-authorization-sidecar.||No||" "|
|proxyHost||Hostname of the csm-authorization server.||No||Empty|
|skipCertificateValidation||A boolean that enables/disables certificate validation of the csm-authorization server.||No||true|
|migration||Migration is an optional feature to enable migration between storage classes||-||-|
|enabled||A boolean that enables/disables migration feature.||No||false|
|image||Image for dell-csi-migrator sidecar.||No||" "|
|nodeRescanSidecarImage||Image for node rescan sidecar which rescans nodes for identifying new paths.||No||" "|
|migrationPrefix||enables migration sidecar to read required information from the storage class fields||No||migration.storage.dell.com|
|replication||Replication is an optional feature to enable replication & disaster recovery capabilities of PowerMax to Kubernetes clusters.||-||-|
|enabled||A boolean that enables/disables replication feature.||No||false|
|image||Image for dell-csi-replicator sidecar.||No||" "|
|replicationContextPrefix||enables side cars to read required information from the volume context||No||powermax|
|replicationPrefix||Determine if replication is enabled||No||replication.storage.dell.com|
|vSphere||This section refers to the configuration options for VMware virtualized environment support via RDM||-||-|
|enabled||A boolean that enables/disables VMware virtualized environment support.||No||false|
|fcPortGroup||Existing portGroup that driver will use for vSphere.||Yes||""|
|fcHostGroup||Existing host(initiator group) that driver will use for vSphere.||Yes||""|
|vCenterHost||URL/endpoint of the vCenter where all the ESX are present||Yes||""|
|vCenterCredSecret||Secret name for the vCenter credentials.||Yes||""|
- Install the driver using
csi-install.shbash script by running
cd ../dell-csi-helm-installer && ./csi-install.sh --namespace powermax --values ../helm/my-powermax-settings.yaml
- Or you can also install the driver using standalone helm chart using the command
helm install --values my-powermax-settings.yaml --namespace powermax powermax ./csi-powermax
- For detailed instructions on how to run the install scripts, see the readme document in the dell-csi-helm-installer folder.
- There are a set of samples provided here to help you configure the driver with reverse proxy
- This script also runs the verify.sh script in the same directory. You will be prompted to enter the credentials for each of the Kubernetes nodes. The
verify.shscript needs the credentials to check if the iSCSI initiators have been configured on all nodes. You can also skip the verification step by specifying the
- In order to enable authorization, there should be an authorization proxy server already installed.
- PowerMax Array username must have role as
StorageAdminto be able to perform CRUD operations.
- If the user is using complex K8s version like “v1.23.3-mirantis-1”, use this kubeVersion check in helm Chart file. kubeVersion: “>= 1.23.0-0 < 1.27.0-0”.
- User should provide all boolean values with double-quotes. This applies only for values.yaml. Example: “true”/“false”.
- controllerCount parameter value should be <= number of nodes in the kubernetes cluster else install script fails.
- Endpoint should not have any special character at the end apart from port number.
A wide set of annotated storage class manifests has been provided in the
samples/storageclass folder. Please use these samples to create new storage classes to provision storage.
Volume Snapshot Class
Starting with CSI PowerMax v1.7.0,
dell-csi-helm-installer will not create any Volume Snapshot Class during the driver installation. There is a sample Volume Snapshot Class manifest present in the samples/volumesnapshotclass folder. Please use this sample to create a new Volume Snapshot Class to create Volume Snapshots.
Sample values file
The following sections have useful snippets from
values.yaml file which provides more information on how to configure the CSI PowerMax driver along with CSI PowerMax ReverseProxy in various modes
CSI PowerMax driver with Proxy in Linked mode
In this mode, the CSI PowerMax ReverseProxy acts as a
passthrough for the RESTAPI calls and only provides limited functionality
such as rate limiting, backup Unisphere server. The CSI PowerMax driver is still responsible for the authentication with the Unisphere server.
The first endpoint in the list of management servers is the primary Unisphere server and if you provide a second endpoint, then it will be considered as the backup Unisphere’s endpoint.
global: defaultCredentialsSecret: powermax-creds storageArrays: - storageArrayId: "000000000001" - storageArrayId: "000000000002" managementServers: - endpoint: https://primary-unisphere:8443 skipCertificateValidation: false certSecret: primary-cert limits: maxActiveRead: 5 maxActiveWrite: 4 maxOutStandingRead: 50 maxOutStandingWrite: 50 - endpoint: https://backup-unisphere:8443 # "csireverseproxy" refers to the subchart csireverseproxy csireverseproxy: # Set enabled to true if you want to use proxy image: dellemc/csipowermax-reverseproxy:v2.4.0 tlsSecret: csirevproxy-tls-secret deployAsSidecar: true port: 2222 mode: Linked
Note: Since the driver is still responsible for authentication when used with Proxy in
Linkedmode, the credentials for both primary and backup Unisphere need to be the same.
CSI PowerMax driver with Proxy in StandAlone mode
This is the most advanced configuration which provides you with the capability to connect to Multiple Unisphere servers. You can specify primary and backup Unisphere servers for each storage array. If you have different credentials for your Unisphere servers, you can also specify different credential secrets.
global: defaultCredentialsSecret: powermax-creds storageArrays: - storageArrayId: "000000000001" endpoint: https://primary-1.unisphe.re:8443 backupEndpoint: https://backup-1.unisphe.re:8443 - storageArrayId: "000000000002" endpoint: https://primary-2.unisphe.re:8443 backupEndpoint: https://backup-2.unisphe.re:8443 managementServers: - endpoint: https://primary-1.unisphe.re:8443 credentialsSecret: primary-1-secret skipCertificateValidation: false certSecret: primary-cert limits: maxActiveRead: 5 maxActiveWrite: 4 maxOutStandingRead: 50 maxOutStandingWrite: 50 - endpoint: https://backup-1.unisphe.re:8443 credentialsSecret: backup-1-secret skipCertificateValidation: true - endpoint: https://primary-2.unisphe.re:8443 credentialsSecret: primary-2-secret skipCertificateValidation: true - endpoint: https://backup-2.unisphe.re:8443 credentialsSecret: backup-2-secret skipCertificateValidation: true # "csireverseproxy" refers to the subchart csireverseproxy csireverseproxy: image: dellemc/csipowermax-reverseproxy:v2.4.0 tlsSecret: csirevproxy-tls-secret deployAsSidecar: true port: 2222 mode: StandAlone
Note: If the credential secret is missing from any management server details, the installer will try to use the defaultCredentialsSecret